Everything You Need To Know About 8 Different Types Of Non Woven Fabric
The manufacturing of textile products has come a long way since the days when every garment was made completely by hand. Today, many different types of fabrics can be used to make a wide variety of products, from clothing to home furnishings.
One of the most popular types of fabric is a non-woven fabric. Non-woven fabric is a type of fabric that is made from long fibers that are bonded together by a chemical, mechanical, or heat process.
There are many different types of non-woven fabric, each with its unique properties. In this article, we will take a look at 8 of the most common types of non-woven fabric and their applications.learn more(wikipedia)
The 8 Different Types Of Non Woven Fabric:
Non-woven fabric can be broken down into 8 main types, which are: spunbond, meltblown, SMS, needle punched, bonded, coated, laminated, and thermal bonded. Each type of non-woven fabric has its unique properties, making it ideal for a wide range of applications. The different types of non-woven fabric will be discussed in more detail below.
Type #1: Spunbond Nonwovens:
Spunbond nonwovens are made from polyethylene (PE) or polypropylene (PP) fibers that are melted and spun together. The material is then pressed and cooled, creating a material with a unique web-like structure. Spunbond nonwovens are extremely durable and lightweight, making them ideal for a variety of applications, including insulation, bedding, filtration media, and wallcoverings. They are also waterproof, breathable, and very affordable. Spunbond nonwovens are often used as a backing material for other types of nonwoven fabric, such as meltblown and SMS.
Type #2: Meltblown Nonwovens
Meltblown nonwovens are made from polypropylene fibers that are heated and blown together with an electric current. They are extremely fine and lightweight, making them ideal for use in filtration and medical protective clothing. Meltblown nonwovens can also be used to create lightweight fabrics for apparel and home furnishings.
Type #3: SMS Nonwovens:
SMS nonwovens are composed of three layers of nonwoven fabric. The outer two layers are made from spun bond nonwovens, while the inner layer is made from melt-blown nonwovens. This combination of materials makes SMS nonwoven highly durable and breathable, making it ideal for use in medical protective clothing and other industrial applications.
Type #4: Needle punched Nonwovens:
Needle-punched nonwovens are made from a variety of fibers, such as wool, cotton, and synthetic fibers. The fibers are then punched together with special needles. The needle-punching process creates a web-like structure of fibers, making needle-punched nonwovens very strong and durable. Needle-punched nonwovens are ideal for use in automotive interiors, home furnishings, and insulation.
Type #5: Bonded Nonwovens:
Bonded nonwovens are made by bonding multiple layers of spun bond nonwovens together. This type of fabric is often used to make furniture, automotive interiors, and medical protective clothing. Bonded nonwovens are very strong and durable, as well as affordable.
Type #6: Coated Nonwovens:
Coated nonwovens are made by coating a layer of spun-bond nonwovens with a layer of synthetic fibers or plastic. This adds strength, water resistance, and fire retardancy to the fabric, making it ideal for use in a variety of applications, ranging from protective clothing to home furnishings.
Type #7: Laminated Nonwovens:
Laminated nonwovens are made by laminating different layers of spun bond nonwovens together. This type of fabric is waterproof, durable, and breathable, making it ideal for use in the medical industry and manufacturing.
Type #8: Thermal Bonded Nonwovens:
Thermal bonded nonwovens are made by bonding multiple layers of spun bond nonwovens together using heat and pressure. This type of fabric is extremely durable, making it ideal for use in filtration and protective clothing. Thermally bonded nonwovens are also known for their softness, making them ideal for use in home furnishings and apparel.
Non-woven fabrics are an incredibly versatile type of material that can be used in a wide variety of applications. The 8 different types of non-woven fabrics each have their unique properties, making them ideal for a variety of uses, from clothing to home furnishings and insulation. No matter what type of non-woven fabric you need, there’s sure to be one that will suit your needs.